Download A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation by Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar PDF

By Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar

Nicotine is nearly universally believed to be the key issue that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. professionals comparable to the health practitioner normal of america and the Royal university of Physicians within the united kingdom have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This booklet is a critique of the nicotine habit speculation, according to a severe evaluation of the learn literature that purports to end up that nicotine is as addictive drug. The evaluation is predicated on a re-assessment of greater than seven-hundred articles and books in this topic, together with animal and human experimental reviews, results of `nicotine substitute therapies', and plenty of different suitable assets. This overview concludes that on current proof, there's each cause to reject the widely permitted thought that nicotine has an enormous function in cigarette smoking. A serious exam of the factors for drug habit demonstrates that none of those standards is met via nicotine, and that it truly is more likely that nicotine actually limits really than allows smoking.

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By Hanan Frenk,Reuven Dar

Nicotine is nearly universally believed to be the key issue that motivates smoking and impedes cessation. professionals comparable to the health practitioner normal of america and the Royal university of Physicians within the united kingdom have declared that nicotine is as addictive as heroin and cocaine. This booklet is a critique of the nicotine habit speculation, according to a severe evaluation of the learn literature that purports to end up that nicotine is as addictive drug. The evaluation is predicated on a re-assessment of greater than seven-hundred articles and books in this topic, together with animal and human experimental reviews, results of `nicotine substitute therapies', and plenty of different suitable assets. This overview concludes that on current proof, there's each cause to reject the widely permitted thought that nicotine has an enormous function in cigarette smoking. A serious exam of the factors for drug habit demonstrates that none of those standards is met via nicotine, and that it truly is more likely that nicotine actually limits really than allows smoking.

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Read Online or Download A Critique of Nicotine Addiction (Neurobiological Foundation of Aberrant Behaviors) PDF

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